The New York Times’ Deputy Off-Platform Editor Millie Tran explains importance of paying attention to stories that thrive on social

Watch video of Tran’s speech from ISOJ 2019.

We’re spending more time on our phones now than ever, which makes understanding off-platform journalism important for newsrooms, said Millie Tran during her keynote speech April 12 at the International Symposium on Online Journalism (ISOJ).

Millie Tran
Millie Tran, deputy off-platform editor of The New York Times, delivers a keynote speech at ISOJ 2019. (Erika Rich/Knight Center)

“The easiest way to tell you what off-platform is to tell you what it’s not,” said Tran, the Times’ deputy off-platform editor. On-platforms include The New York Times’ app, newsletters and push alerts while off-platforms refer to a larger umbrella of social media channels such as Facebook, Twitter, Apple News, Instagram and Google Search, she said.

Nowadays, there is so much happening online that paying attention to digital stories that thrive on social channels is crucial, Tran said. She talked about how the story about the shooting death of rapper Nipsey Hussle got more coverage at the Times because of the attention it received on the internet.

After the State of the Union Address, the photo of Nancy Pelosi clapping to President Donald Trump exploded in meme coverage, Tran said. Times photographer Doug Mills captured the moment and the Times added a back story of how he took the photo, his thoughts during the moment and how the Times executed that work, which made its coverage different from other news organizations, Tran said.

“It wasn’t just about Nancy Pelosi clapping,” Tran said. “It was that moment, but it was about the photography and how we did that work. It’s so important to understand off-platform and juggle these two modes.”

Tran said it’s important for off-platform editors to be educated and to understand how to reach and communicate with different communities.

“The value I hope to bring in this role is to first deeply understand the news value at The New York Times and to also deeply understand all of these communities off-platform and the opportunities we have to reach those communities.

“I’m constantly translating, connecting, making decisions big and small, every single day.”

People have always shared information with others, whether through word-of-mouth, writing a letter, sending emails or now on social media channels, Tran said. However, what’s new is how the “feedback loops are tighter and faster” bringing it to a scale that’s “unprecedented.”

“You can not only reach people faster, but you can reach them in a more personal way than ever. What makes it really difficult now is that the usual signals we rely on for legitimacy is increasingly garbage . . . so what do you do when signals are bad?”

One way is to try to understand what the signals are and to combine news judgment with platform-specific knowledge, Tran added.

Tran said she is “obsessed” with figuring out how people get their news, and this stems from her deep empathy for others, and conviction that news organizations serve as a strong foundation of democracy. She added that she also likes anticipating change and trends and “peering around the corner to see how things are going.”

Kathleen McElroy, director of the School of Journalism at the University of Texas at Austin, chaired the discussion with Tran and asked if there are any challenges working at The New York Times.

Tran said the hardest thing was that “there’s very little room for error” at the Times. “But it kind of forces you to anticipate and try your best.”

One of the audience members asked Tran how smaller newsrooms could improve their practices and Tran said a lot of it is understanding how things work, then applying it to the specific newsroom, community and or audience.

Understanding signals from search engines, social channels and applying that information to the organization, plus trying to reach out to communities and new audiences through various platforms, are ways to increase engagement in the newsroom, Tran said.

Livestreaming of ISOJ in English and Spanish can be found at