March 27, 2018
ISOJ panel to discuss revenue diversification via e-commerce, events, membership and more
How to diversify revenue streams has long been a hot topic in the news industry, points out Janine Warner, co-founder and executive director of SembraMedia, and chair of a Friday panel on the subject at the 19th annual International Symposium on Online Journalism.
“But now we have growing evidence that media companies that have built business models that go beyond just advertising and subscriptions are reaping the rewards,” says Warner, also an ICFJ Knight Fellow, Latin America.
“All of the panelists in the Revenue session at ISOJ have developed new ways of making money that are models for others. I’m especially interested in learning about how they are building relationships with readers that lead to significant donations — and just how much of the total expenses they think readers can cover,” she elaborated.
Indeed, two members of the panel are passionate about fostering deeper connections with the audience and the willingness of readers and viewers to pay something for content.
Rob Wijnberg, editor-in-chief and founder of Netherlands-based De Correspondent (or The Correspondent in the U.S.), believes “the future of independent journalism lies in membership,” which is connected to trust.
“Membership distinguishes itself from subscription as follows: subscribers buy a product, members join a cause. In effect, membership requires a clear journalistic philosophy: What are the underlying principles for what we cover and why we cover it?” he asked.
“From these principles follow editorial raison d’etre, and from this follows a different kind of relationship with your audience — or people formerly known as the audience. The biggest challenge in all this is: How do we restore and foster trust in this relationship?”
Clark discovered through research for his Master’s degree that “people are willing to pay for journalism under a voluntary ‘pay-what-you-want’ membership model, than pay for access to journalism locked behind a paywall.”
PressPatron, launched in early 2017, makes it easy for news consumers to pay a monthly or one-time fee to their favorite media outlets.
“Our most successful publishers have converted between 1 percent and 5 percent of their audience, across a broad range of sites that include both for-profit and non-profit organizations,” he said.
“Across our network of 25-plus websites, there has been a 50/50 split between monthly and one-time supporters. The average monthly contribution is $11.60 (all values are NZD), and the average one-time contribution is $49.40. Of the one-time supporters, 44 percent contribute $50 or higher and 14 percent contribute $100 [roughly $73 US] or higher.”
“In the future,” Clark predicts, “more and more of the digital economy will become funded via the economics of generosity using the ‘pay-what-you-want’ model.”
“When journalism is distributed online, the marginal costs of distribution are effectively zero,” he continued. “Under this model, it makes sense to reduce barriers so that content can reach as large an audience of potential supporters as possible. Furthermore, our metrics suggest that conversion rates will be higher, as well as revenue per paying customer.”
Two other media professionals taking part in the Revenue panel will no doubt have plenty to offer the ISOJ audience.
April Hinkle is chief revenue officer at Texas Tribune, the successful nonprofit news website co-founded in 2009 by venture capitalist John Thornton, whose mantra at the time was “revenue promiscuity” to describe the Trib’s approach to chasing revenue from more than one source.
After more than two decades at Texas Monthly, Hinkle is now responsible for the Tribune’s corporate revenue programs, speakers’ bureau and licensing of content.
Also on the Revenue panel is Christina Shih, chief operations officer at News Revenue Hub, a one-stop-shop for news outlets seeking help building an audience while sustaining their journalistic endeavors. Shih, who formerly led membership and events efforts at the Voice of San Diego, talks about the News Revenue Hub, in the context of joining forces with Slack, as a “collaborative effort among multiple news organizations.”
Warner, chair of the Revenue panel, is excited about what ISOJ participants might hear from her colleagues.
“I’m sure one of these impressive panelists is going to have an idea none of the rest of us have thought of yet.”